Research ArticleGENETICS

Worldwide phylogeography and history of wheat genetic diversity

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Science Advances  29 May 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 5, eaav0536
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav0536
  • Table 1 Pairwise comparisons of the eight subpopulations of landraces.

    Number of rare alleles (frequency < 0.05) specific to one genetic group in the diagonal (in blue). Pairwise differentiation index (FST) above the diagonal. Number of rare alleles shared between populations below the diagonal.


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Supplementary Materials

  • Supplementary material for this article is available at http://advances.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/5/5/eaav0536/DC1

    Fig. S1. Assignment of 632 landraces to genetic groups.

    Fig. S2. PCoA calculated with 8741 haplotypes on landraces.

    Fig. S3. Isolation by distance.

    Fig. S4. Geographical projection of the frequency of rare alleles and singletons in landraces.

    Fig. S5. Temporal evolution of the worldwide genetic diversity.

    Fig. S6. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Europe.

    Fig. S7. Frequency of major haplotype groups in the MED.

    Fig. S8. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Middle East and Central Asia.

    Fig. S9. Frequency of major haplotype groups in South Eastern Asia.

    Fig. S10. Frequency of major haplotype groups in China.

    Fig. S11. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Africa.

    Fig. S12. Frequency of major haplotype groups in America.

    Fig. S13. Frequency of major haplotype groups in the United States.

    Fig. S14. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Oceania.

    Fig. S15. Proportion of the 11 groups among the landraces, traditional cultivars, and modern varieties from different regions of the world.

    Table S1. Description of the eight subpopulations of landraces.

    Table S2. Pairwise comparisons of five subpopulations of landraces westward of the Fertile Crescent.

    Table S3. Pairwise comparisons of five subpopulations of landraces eastward of the Fertile Crescent.

    Table S4. Description of the 11 groups of accessions.

    Table S5. Main SVs (>5 Mb) detected in the wheat genome.

    Data file S1. List of 4506 wheat accessions and related information.

    Data file S2. Genotyping data of 4506 wheat accession with 113,457 genome-wide SNPs.

    Data file S3. Haplotyping data of 4403 wheat accessions with 8741 haplotypic blocks.

    Members of the IWGSC Consortium

    Members of the BreedWheat Consortium

  • Supplementary Materials

    The PDF file includes:

    • Fig. S1. Assignment of 632 landraces to genetic groups.
    • Fig. S2. PCoA calculated with 8741 haplotypes on landraces.
    • Fig. S3. Isolation by distance.
    • Fig. S4. Geographical projection of the frequency of rare alleles and singletons in landraces.
    • Fig. S5. Temporal evolution of the worldwide genetic diversity.
    • Fig. S6. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Europe.
    • Fig. S7. Frequency of major haplotype groups in the MED.
    • Fig. S8. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Middle East and Central Asia.
    • Fig. S9. Frequency of major haplotype groups in South Eastern Asia.
    • Fig. S10. Frequency of major haplotype groups in China.
    • Fig. S11. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Africa.
    • Fig. S12. Frequency of major haplotype groups in America.
    • Fig. S13. Frequency of major haplotype groups in the United States.
    • Fig. S14. Frequency of major haplotype groups in Oceania.
    • Fig. S15. Proportion of the 11 groups among the landraces, traditional cultivars, and modern varieties from different regions of the world.
    • Table S1. Description of the eight subpopulations of landraces.
    • Table S2. Pairwise comparisons of five subpopulations of landraces westward of the Fertile Crescent.
    • Table S3. Pairwise comparisons of five subpopulations of landraces eastward of the Fertile Crescent.
    • Table S4. Description of the 11 groups of accessions.
    • Table S5. Main SVs (>5 Mb) detected in the wheat genome.
    • Legends for data files S1 to S3

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    Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

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