Research ArticleIMMUNOLOGY

cAMP metabolism controls caspase-11 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis in sepsis

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Science Advances  22 May 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 5, eaav5562
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5562

Abstract

The ability of cytosolic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to activate caspase-11–dependent nonclassical inflammasome is intricately controlled to avoid excessive inflammatory responses. However, very little is known about the regulatory role of various metabolic pathways in the control of caspase-11 activation. Here, we demonstrate that l-adrenaline can act on receptor ADRA2B to inhibit the activation of the caspase-11 inflammasome by cytosolic LPS or Escherichia coli infection in macrophages. l-adrenaline–induced cAMP production via the enzyme ADCY4 promotes protein kinase A (PKA) activation, which then blocks the caspase-11–mediated proteolytic maturation of interleukin-1β, gasdermin D (GSDMD) cleavage, and consequent DAMP release. Inhibition of PDE8A-mediated cAMP hydrolysis limits caspase-11 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis in macrophages. Consequently, pharmacological modulation of the ADRA2B-ADCY4-PDE8A-PKA axis, knockout of caspase-11 (Casp11−/−), or Gsdmd inactivation (GsdmdI105N/I105N) similarly protects against LPS-induced lethality in poly(I:C)-primed mice. Our results provide previously unidentified mechanistic insight into immune regulation by cAMP and represent a proof of concept that immunometabolism constitutes a potential therapeutic target in sepsis.

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