Research ArticleCELL BIOLOGY

JLP-centrosome is essential for the microtubule-mediated nucleocytoplasmic transport induced by extracellular stimuli

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Science Advances  28 Aug 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 8, eaav0318
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav0318

Abstract

JLP belongs to the JIP family whose members serve as scaffolding proteins that link motor proteins and their cargo for intracellular transport. Although JLP is mainly cytoplasmic, it accumulates as a focus in the perinuclear region when stimulated by extracellular stimuli. Focus formation, which changes the nucleus shape and concentrates the nuclear pores, depends on p38MAPK activation and the dynein retrograde motor protein complex. Extracellular stimuli trigger the tethering of PLK1 to the centrosome by JLP, leading to centrosome maturation and microtubule array formation. The centrosome localization domain of JLP is important for the binding of the centrosome and the formation of the JLP focus and the microtubule array. Furthermore, the formation of the JLP focus and the microtubule array is interdependent and important for the transport of NF-κB p65 to the nucleus and its unloading therein. In conclusion, JLP exhibits multiple functions in the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65.

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