Research ArticleGEOPHYSICS

Slow slip source characterized by lithological and geometric heterogeneity

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Science Advances  25 Mar 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 13, eaay3314
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay3314

Article Information

vol. 6 no. 13

Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication June 9, 2019
  • Accepted for publication January 2, 2020
  • .

Author Information

  1. Philip M. Barnes1,*,
  2. Laura M. Wallace2,
  3. Demian M. Saffer3,,
  4. Rebecca E. Bell4,
  5. Michael B. Underwood5,
  6. Ake Fagereng6,
  7. Francesca Meneghini7,
  8. Heather M. Savage8,
  9. Hannah S. Rabinowitz9,,
  10. Julia K. Morgan10,
  11. Hiroko Kitajima11,
  12. Steffen Kutterolf12,
  13. Yoshitaka Hashimoto13,
  14. Christie H. Engelmann de Oliveira14,
  15. Atsushi Noda15,
  16. Martin P. Crundwell2,
  17. Claire L. Shepherd2,
  18. Adam D. Woodhouse16,
  19. Robert N. Harris17,
  20. Maomao Wang18,
  21. Stuart Henrys2,
  22. Daniel H.N. Barker2,
  23. Katerina E. Petronotis19,
  24. Sylvain M. Bourlange20,
  25. Michael B. Clennell21,
  26. Ann E. Cook22,
  27. Brandon E. Dugan23,
  28. Judith Elger12,
  29. Patrick M. Fulton24,
  30. Davide Gamboa25,
  31. Annika Greve26,§,
  32. Shuoshuo Han27,
  33. Andre Hüpers28,
  34. Matt J. Ikari28,
  35. Yoshihiro Ito29,
  36. Gil Young Kim30,
  37. Hiroaki Koge31,
  38. Hikweon Lee30,
  39. Xuesen Li32,
  40. Min Luo33,
  41. Pierre R. Malie34,
  42. Gregory F. Moore35,
  43. Joshu J. Mountjoy1,
  44. David D. McNamara36,
  45. Matteo Paganoni37,||,
  46. Elizabeth J. Screaton38,
  47. Uma Shankar39,
  48. Srisharan Shreedharan3,
  49. Evan A. Solomon40,
  50. Xiujuan Wang41,
  51. Hung-Yu Wu26,,
  52. Ingo A. Pecher42,
  53. Leah J. LeVay19,
  54. IODP Expedition 372 Scientists43
  1. 1National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), Wellington 6021, New Zealand.
  2. 2GNS Science, Lower Hutt 5011, New Zealand.
  3. 3Department of Geosciences and Center for Geomechanics, Geofluids, and Geohazards, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.
  4. 4Basins Research Group, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, Kensington SW7 2AZ, UK.
  5. 5Department of Earth and Environmental Science, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, 801 Leroy Place, Socorro, NM 87801, USA.
  6. 6School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff University, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK.
  7. 7Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Pisa, via. S. Maria, 53, Pisa 56126, Italy.
  8. 8Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.
  9. 9Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences, Brown University, 324 Brook Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA.
  10. 10Department of Earth Science, Rice University, 6100 South Main Street, MS-126, Houston, TX 77005-1892, USA.
  11. 11Department of Geology and Geophysics, Texas A&M University, MS 3115 TAMU, College Station, TX 77845, USA.
  12. 12GEOMAR, Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research, Kiel, Wischhofstrasse 1-3, Kiel 24148, Germany.
  13. 13Department of Natural Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Kochi University, Akebonocyo 2-5-1, Kochi 780-8520, Japan.
  14. 14Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Avenida Unisinos 950, São Leopoldo RS 93.022-000, Brazil.
  15. 15Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Central 7, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan.
  16. 16School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.
  17. 17College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Ocean Administration Building, 104, 101 SW 26th Street, Corvallis, OR 97331-5503, USA.
  18. 18College of Oceanography, Hohai University, 1 Xikang Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210093, P.R. China.
  19. 19International Ocean Discovery Program, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA.
  20. 20Ecole Nationale Superieure de Geologie—Laboratoire GeoRessources, Universite de Lorraine, 2 rue du Doyen Marcel Roubault, BP 10162, 54505 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex, France.
  21. 21Energy, CSIRO, 26 Dick Perry Avenue, Kensington 6151, Australia.
  22. 22School of Earth Sciences, Ohio State University, 317 Mendenhall Lab, 125 S. Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43202, USA.
  23. 23Department of Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines, 1318 Maple Street, Bldg. 6, Golden, CO 80401, USA.
  24. 24Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, 3126 Snee Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-1504, USA.
  25. 25Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, I.P. (IPMA), Rua C ao Aeroporto, 1749-077 Lisboa, Portugal.
  26. 26Institute for Marine-Earth Exploration and Engineering, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Japan.
  27. 27Institute for Geophysics, University of Texas, 10100 Burnet Road, Austin, TX 78758, USA.
  28. 28MARUM Center for Marine Environmental Sciences and Faculty of Geosciences, University of Bremen, Leobener Strasse 8, Bremen 28359, Germany.
  29. 29Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasyo, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.
  30. 30Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), 124 Gwahang-no, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350, Republic of Korea.
  31. 31Marine Geology Research Group, GSJ, AIST Central 7, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan.
  32. 32College of Earth Science, Guilin University of Technology, 12 Jian gan Road, Guilin City 541004, P.R. China.
  33. 33Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Hadal Science and Technology, College of Marine Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, P.R. China.
  34. 34Geosciences Montpellier Laboratory, Université Montpellier, CC.60, Place E. Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cédex 5, France.
  35. 35Department of Earth Sciences/SOEST, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1680 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.
  36. 36Department of Earth, Ocean and Ecological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Jane Herdman Building, 4 Brownlow Street, Liverpool L69 3GP, UK.
  37. 37University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3AN, UK.
  38. 38Department of Geological Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
  39. 39Department of Geophysics, Banaras Hindu University, Institute of Science, Varanasi Uttar Pradesh 221005, India.
  40. 40School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-7940, USA.
  41. 41Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanhai Road 7, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, P.R. China.
  42. 42School of Environmental and Marine Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92091, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.
  43. 43International Ocean Discovery Program, Expedition 372, Creeping Gas Hydrate Slides and Hikurangi LWD, 26 November 2017 to 4 January 2018; see the Supplementary Materials for a list of participants.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: philip.barnes{at}niwa.co.nz
  • Present address: University of Texas Institute for Geophysics (UTIG), 10601 Exploration Way, Austin, TX 78758, USA.

  • Present address: Department of Energy, 955 L’Enfant Plaza SW, Washington, DC 20024, USA.

  • § Present address: Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands.

  • || Present address: Shell Global Solutions International, B.V., Rijswijk, Netherlands.

  • Present address: Department of Resources Engineering, National Cheng Kung University. No.1, University Road, Tainan City 701, Taiwan (R.O.C.).

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