Research ArticleChemistry

A new algorithm to convert a normal antibody into the corresponding catalytic antibody

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Science Advances  25 Mar 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 13, eaay6441
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay6441

Abstract

Over thousands of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been produced so far, and it would be valuable if these mAbs could be directly converted into catalytic antibodies. We have designed a system to realize the above concept by deleting Pro95, a highly conserved residue in CDR-3 of the antibody light chain. The deletion of Pro95 is a key contributor to catalytic function of the light chain. The S35 and S38 light chains have identical amino acid sequences except for Pro95. The former, with Pro95 did not show any catalytic activity, whereas the latter, without Pro95, exhibited peptidase activity. To verify the generality of this finding, we tested another light chain, T99wt, which had Pro95 and showed little catalytic activity. In contrast, a Pro95-deleted mutant enzymatically degraded the peptide substrate and amyloid-beta molecule. These two cases demonstrate the potential for a new method of creating catalytic antibodies from the corresponding mAbs.

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