Research ArticleOCEANOGRAPHY

Widespread loss of Caribbean acroporid corals was underway before coral bleaching and disease outbreaks

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Science Advances  22 Apr 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 17, eaax9395
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax9395

Article Information

vol. 6 no. 17

Online ISSN: 
  • Received for publication May 8, 2019
  • Accepted for publication January 9, 2020
  • .

Author Information

  1. Katie L. Cramer1,2,*,
  2. Jeremy B. C. Jackson3,4,5,6,
  3. Mary K. Donovan7,8,
  4. Benjamin J. Greenstein9,
  5. Chelsea A. Korpanty10,
  6. Geoffrey M. Cook11 and
  7. John M. Pandolfi12
  1. 1Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85281, USA.
  2. 2Center for Oceans, Conservation International, Honolulu, HI 96816, USA.
  3. 3Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
  4. 4Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024, USA.
  5. 5Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado Postal 0843-03092, Panamá, República de Panamá.
  6. 6Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA.
  7. 7Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Kāne’ohe, HI 96744, USA.
  8. 8Marine Science Institute, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA.
  9. 9School of Social and Natural Sciences, Roger Williams University, Bristol, RI 02809, USA.
  10. 10MARUM Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen 28359, Germany.
  11. 11Department of Biology and Health Science, New England College, Henniker, NH 03242, USA.
  12. 12Centre for Marine Science and School of Biological Sciences, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: katie.cramer{at}


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Article usage: April 2020 to January 2021

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Oct 202061552137
Nov 202053294101
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