Research ArticleIMMUNOLOGY

STING couples with PI3K to regulate actin reorganization during BCR activation

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Science Advances  22 Apr 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 17, eaax9455
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax9455

Abstract

The adaptor protein, STING (stimulator of interferon genes), has been rarely studied in adaptive immunity. We used Sting KO mice and a patient’s mutated STING cells to study the effect of STING deficiency on B cell development, differentiation, and BCR signaling. We found that STING deficiency promotes the differentiation of marginal zone B cells. STING is involved in BCR activation and negatively regulates the activation of CD19 and Btk but positively regulates the activation of SHIP. The activation of WASP and accumulation of F-actin were enhanced in Sting KO B cells upon BCR stimulation. Mechanistically, STING uses PI3K mediated by the CD19-Btk axis as a central hub for controlling the actin remodeling that, in turn, offers feedback to BCR signaling. Overall, our study provides a mechanism of how STING regulates BCR signaling via feedback from actin reorganization, which contributes to positive regulation of STING on the humoral immune response.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

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