Research ArticleAPPLIED SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING

Smoothened agonist sterosome immobilized hybrid scaffold for bone regeneration

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Science Advances  22 Apr 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 17, eaaz7822
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz7822

Abstract

Biomaterial delivery of bioactive agents and manipulation of stem cell fate are an attractive approach to promote tissue regeneration. Here, smoothened agonist sterosome is developed using small-molecule activators [20S-hydroxycholesterol (OHC) and purmorphamine (PUR)] of the smoothened protein in the hedgehog pathway as carrier and cargo. Sterosome presents inherent osteoinductive property even without drug loading. Sterosome is covalently immobilized onto three-dimensional scaffolds via a bioinspired polydopamine intermediate to fabricate a hybrid scaffold for bone regeneration. Sterosome-immobilized hybrid scaffold not only provides a favorable substrate for cell adhesion and proliferation but also delivers bioactive agents in a sustained and spatially targeted manner. Furthermore, this scaffold significantly improves osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stem cells through OHC/PUR-mediated synergistic activation of the hedgehog pathway and also enhances bone repair in a mouse calvarial defect model. This system serves as a versatile biomaterial platform for many applications, including therapeutic delivery and endogenous regenerative medicine.

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