Research ArticleCANCER

miR-26a regulates extracellular vesicle secretion from prostate cancer cells via targeting SHC4, PFDN4, and CHORDC1

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Science Advances  29 Apr 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 18, eaay3051
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay3051

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are involved in intercellular communication during cancer progression; thus, elucidating the mechanism of EV secretion in cancer cells will contribute to the development of an EV-targeted cancer treatment. However, the biogenesis of EVs in cancer cells is not fully understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate a variety of biological phenomena; thus, miRNAs could regulate EV secretion. Here, we performed high-throughput miRNA-based screening to identify the regulators of EV secretion using an ExoScreen assay. By using this method, we identified miR-26a involved in EV secretion from prostate cancer (PCa) cells. In addition, we found that SHC4, PFDN4, and CHORDC1 genes regulate EV secretion in PCa cells. Furthermore, the progression of the PCa cells suppressing these genes was inhibited in an in vivo study. Together, our findings suggest that miR-26a regulates EV secretion via targeting SHC4, PFDN4, and CHORDC1 in PCa cells, resulting in the suppression of PCa progression.

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