Research ArticleNEUROSCIENCE

RasGRP1 is a causal factor in the development of l-DOPA–induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science Advances  01 May 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 18, eaaz7001
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz7001


The therapeutic effects of l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA) in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) severely diminishes with the onset of abnormal involuntary movement, l-DOPA–induced dyskinesia (LID). However, the molecular mechanisms that promote LID remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that RasGRP1 [(guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF)] controls the development of LID. l-DOPA treatment rapidly up-regulated RasGRP1 in the striatum of mouse and macaque model of PD. The lack of RasGRP1 in mice (RasGRP1−/−) dramatically diminished LID without interfering with the therapeutic effects of l-DOPA. Besides acting as a GEF for Ras homolog enriched in the brain (Rheb), the activator of the mammalian target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR), RasGRP1 promotes l-DOPA–induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and the mTOR signaling in the striatum. High-resolution tandem mass spectrometry analysis revealed multiple RasGRP1 downstream targets linked to LID vulnerability. Collectively, the study demonstrated that RasGRP1 is a critical striatal regulator of LID.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

View Full Text

Stay Connected to Science Advances