Research ArticleMATERIALS SCIENCE

3D printed Mg-NiTi interpenetrating-phase composites with high strength, damping capacity, and energy absorption efficiency

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Science Advances  08 May 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 19, eaba5581
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba5581

Abstract

It is of significance, but still remains a key challenge, to simultaneously enhance the strength and damping capacities in metals, as these two properties are often mutually exclusive. Here, we provide a multidesign strategy for defeating such a conflict by developing a Mg-NiTi composite with a bicontinuous interpenetrating-phase architecture through infiltration of magnesium melt into three-dimensionally printed Nitinol scaffold. The composite exhibits a unique combination of mechanical properties with improved strengths at ambient to elevated temperatures, remarkable damage tolerance, good damping capacities at differing amplitudes, and exceptional energy absorption efficiency, which is unprecedented for magnesium materials. The shape and strength after deformation can even be largely recovered by heat treatment. This study offers a new perspective for the structural and biomedical applications of magnesium.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

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