Research ArticleChemistry

Surrounded catalysts prepared by ion-exchange inverse loading

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Science Advances  13 May 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 20, eaay7031
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay7031


The supported catalyst featuring highly dispersed active phase on support is the most important kind of industrial catalyst. Extensive research has demonstrated the critical role (in catalysis) of the interfacial interaction/perimeter sites between the active phase and support. However, the supported catalyst prepared by traditional methods generally presents low interface density because of limit contact area. Here, an ion-exchange inverse loading (IEIL) method has been developed, in which the precursor of support is controllably deposited onto the precursor of active phase by ion-exchange reaction, leading to an active core surrounded (by support) catalyst with various structures. The unique surrounded structure presents not only high interface density and mutually changed interface but also high stability due to the physical isolation of active phase, revealing superior catalytic performances to the traditional supported catalysts, suggesting the great potential of this new surrounded catalyst as the upgrade of supported catalyst in heterogeneous catalysis.

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