Research ArticleIMMUNOLOGY

Gasdermin D in macrophages restrains colitis by controlling cGAS-mediated inflammation

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Science Advances  20 May 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 21, eaaz6717
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz6717

Abstract

The functional relevance and mechanistic basis of the effects of the pyroptosis executioner Gasdermin D (GSDMD) on colitis remain unclear. In this study, we observed that GSDMD protein was activated during intestinal inflammation in a model of chemically induced colitis. GSDMD deficiency exacerbated experimental colitis independent of changes in the microbiota and without affecting the production of antimicrobial peptides. GSDMD deficiency in macrophages, but not epithelial cells, was sufficient to drive this exacerbated experimental colitis. We further demonstrate that GSDMD functions in macrophages as a negative regulator to control cyclic GMP–AMP synthase (cGAS)–dependent inflammation, thereby protecting against colitis. Moreover, the administration of cGAS inhibitor can rescue the colitogenic phenotype in GSDMD-deficient mice. Collectively, these findings provide the first demonstration of GSDMD’s role in controlling colitis and a detailed delineation of the underlying mechanism.

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