Research ArticleHEALTH AND MEDICINE

In situ repair abilities of human umbilical cord–derived mesenchymal stem cells and autocrosslinked hyaluronic acid gel complex in rhesus monkeys with intrauterine adhesion

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Science Advances  22 May 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 21, eaba6357
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba6357
  • Fig. 1The evaluation of IUA model establishment.

    (A) Detection of Doppler ultrasound. A1: Representative image of endometrial thickness for pre-D&C; A2: Representative image of endometrial thickness at 2 months post-D&C (red arrow, the endometrium echo; blue area, the largest cross section of endometrium). (B) Comparisons of endometrial thickness for pre- or post-D&C. (C) H&E staining of endometria for pre-D&C (C1, C3, and C5) and post-D&C (C2, C4, and C6); 10401, 10403, and 10406, respectively; see table S3 for details. Inserted overview pictures are of lower magnification; black squares are highly magnified regions. (D) Masson staining of endometria for pre-D&C (D1, D3, and D5) and post-D&C (D2, D4, and D6); 10401, 10403, and 10406, respectively; see table S3 for details. Inserted overview pictures are of lower magnification; black squares are highly magnified regions. (E) Comparisons of endometrial gland numbers per unit area for pre- or post-D&C. (F) Comparisons of fibrotic area ratios for pre- or post-D&C. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, and ***P < 0.001 versus the pre-D&C group, and the results shown are the mean ± SEM of three technical replicates from each animal.

  • Fig. 2Histological inspection of different interventions.

    (A) Endometrial H&E staining at 2 months after HA-GEL transplantation (A1, A3, and A4 correspond to 10401, 10403, and 10404, respectively) and huMSCs/HA-GEL transplantation (A2, A5, and A6 correspond to 10402, 10405, and 10406, respectively); 10401 to 10406, see table S3 for details. (B) Endometrial Masson staining at 2 months after HA-GEL transplantation (B1, B3, and B4 correspond to 10401, 10403, and 10404, respectively) and huMSCs/HA-GEL transplantation (B2, B5, and B6 correspond to 10402, 10405, and 10406, respectively); 10401 to 10406, see table S3 for details. (C) Comparisons of endometrial gland numbers per unit area between the HA-GEL transplantation group and the huMSC/HA-GEL transplantation group. (D) Comparisons of fibrotic area ratios between the HA-GEL transplantation group and the huMSCs/HA-GEL transplantation group. ##P < 0.01 versus HA-GEL transplantation group, and the results shown are the mean ± SEM of three technical replicates from each animal.

  • Fig. 3 The endometrial effects of different interventions on morphology and ultrastructure.

    (A) Representative images of uterine cavities in the HA-GEL transplantation and huMSCs/HA-GEL transplantation groups (the dotted area and the red arrow mark the endometrial area). (B) Representative images of endometrial thickness for ultrasound detection in the HA-GEL transplantation and huMSCs/HA-GEL transplantation groups (the red arrow marks the endometrial echo; the blue area marks the largest cross section of the endometrium). (C) Comparisons of endometrial thickness between the HA-GEL transplantation group and the huMSCs/HA-GEL transplantation group. (D) Representative images of ultrastructural changes in the HA-GEL transplantation and huMSCs/HA-GEL transplantation groups (the left panel shows the surface of epithelial cells; the right panel shows the intercellular changes). ##P < 0.01 versus 2 months post–HA-GEL, and the results shown are the mean ± SEM of three technical replicates from each animal. Photos provided by Lingjuan Wang and Chengliang Xiong (Institute of Reproductive Health, Center of Reproductive Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology).

  • Fig. 4Comprehensive assessment for the effects of different interventions on endometrial regeneration and remodeling.

    (A) Comparisons of endometrial gland numbers per unit area. (B) Comparisons of ratios of fibrotic area (%). (C) Comparisons of endometrial thickness (mm). *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, and ***P < 0.001, all versus pre-D&C; #′#′#′P < 0.001 versus pre-D&C; #″P < 0.05, #″#″P < 0.01, and #″#″#″P < 0.001, all versus 2 months post-D&C; ##P < 0.01 versus 2 months post–HA-GEL, and the results shown are the mean ± SEM of three technical replicates from each animal.

  • Fig. 5 FISH analysis for tracking transplanted huMSCs in the endometrium.

    (A) Positive control, human endometrium (containing XX chromosomes); the red arrow indicates the green signal for Vysis CEP X (DXZ1). (B) Endometrial localization of huMSCs in the HA-GEL transplantation group (negative control). (C to E) Distribution of huMSCs in endometria 2 months after huMSCs/HA-GEL co-transplantation. Double/single-labeled staining (orange/green signal or just green signal) cells were defined as huMSCs. For details on 10402, 10405, and 10406, see table S3. Inserted overview pictures show a lower magnification.

  • Fig. 6 The expression of cytokines in the endometria.

    (A) The expression and localization of the potential cytokines secreted by huMSCs in the HA-GEL transplantation group and the huMSCs/HA-GEL transplantation group; inserted overview pictures show a lower magnification. (B) The optical density (OD) value of IGF-1, EGF, BDNF, VEGF, and HGF 2 months after HA-GEL transplantation or huMSCs/HA-GEL co-transplantation. (C1) Comparison of IFN-γ mRNA expression between the HA-GEL transplantation group and the huMSC/HA-GEL transplantation group. (C2) Comparison of IL-4 mRNA expression between the HA-GEL transplantation group and the huMSC/HA-GEL transplantation group. (C3) Comparison of IGF-1 mRNA expression between the HA-GEL transplantation group and the huMSC/HA-GEL transplantation group. (C4) Comparison of EGF mRNA expression between the HA-GEL transplantation group and the huMSC/HA-GEL transplantation group. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, and ***P < 0.001 versus 2 months post–HA-GEL; the results shown are the mean ± SEM of three technical replicates from each animal.

Supplementary Materials

  • Supplementary Materials

    In situ repair abilities of human umbilical cord–derived mesenchymal stem cells and autocrosslinked hyaluronic acid gel complex in rhesus monkeys with intrauterine adhesion

    Lingjuan Wang, Chuanhu Yu, Tianli Chang, Mengdi Zhang, Su Song, Chengliang Xiong, Pin Su, Wenpei Xiang

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