Research ArticleANTHROPOLOGY

Bows and arrows and complex symbolic displays 48,000 years ago in the South Asian tropics

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Science Advances  12 Jun 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 24, eaba3831
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba3831
  • Fig. 1 Find context.

    Location and stratigraphy of Fa-Hien Lena, Sri Lanka.

  • Fig. 2 Pointed bone technologies of Fa-Hien Lena.

    Bone projectile points (A to H) and scrapers (I to K) from Fa-Hien Lena. (A and B) Geometric bipoints, with (B) coming from phase D context 146; (C and F) hilted bipoint, red arrows indicate cut notches; (D and E) hilted unipoints, red arrows and red circle indicate wear indicating fixed hafting; (G and H) symmetrical bipoints.

  • Fig. 3 Antler blank with tooth and bone fur- and/or plant-working tools from Fa-Hien Lena.

    (A and B) Cercopithecid bone peg or lissoir; (C) antler blank; (D and F) Cercopithecid canine awls or knives; (E) flaked muntjak molar; (G and H) Cercopithecid bone pegs or awls; (I) cervid metapodial wedge.

  • Fig. 4 Symbolic material culture of Fa-Hien Lena.

    (A and B) Possible decorated spatula, shuttle, or lissoir in bone; marine shell beads in (C to E) Conus spp. and (F and G) Nassariidae; ochre beads (H to K and O) and used (L) yellow, (M) red, and (N) mica colorants.

Supplementary Materials

  • Supplementary Materials

    Bows and arrows and complex symbolic displays 48,000 years ago in the South Asian tropics

    Michelle C. Langley, Noel Amano, Oshan Wedage, Siran Deraniyagala, M.M Pathmalal, Nimal Perera, Nicole Boivin, Michael D. Petraglia, Patrick Roberts

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