A reversible oxygen redox reaction in bulk-type all-solid-state batteries

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Science Advances  19 Jun 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 25, eaax7236
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax7236


An all-solid-state lithium battery using inorganic solid electrolytes requires safety assurance and improved energy density, both of which are issues in large-scale applications of lithium-ion batteries. Utilization of high-capacity lithium-excess electrode materials is effective for the further increase in energy density. However, they have never been applied to all-solid-state batteries. Operational difficulty of all-solid-state batteries using them generally lies in the construction of the electrode-electrolyte interface. By the amorphization of Li2RuO3 as a lithium-excess model material with Li2SO4, here, we have first demonstrated a reversible oxygen redox reaction in all-solid-state batteries. Amorphous nature of the Li2RuO3-Li2SO4 matrix enables inclusion of active material with high conductivity and ductility for achieving favorable interfaces with charge transfer capabilities, leading to the stable operation of all-solid-state batteries.

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