Research ArticleCONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

Probing the low-temperature limit of the quantum anomalous Hall effect

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Science Advances  17 Jun 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 25, eaaz3595
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz3595

Abstract

Quantum anomalous Hall effect has been observed in magnetically doped topological insulators. However, full quantization, up until now, is limited within the sub–1 K temperature regime, although the material’s magnetic ordering temperature can go beyond 100 K. Here, we study the temperature limiting factors of the effect in Cr-doped (BiSb)2Te3 systems using both transport and magneto-optical methods. By deliberate control of the thin-film thickness and doping profile, we revealed that the low occurring temperature of quantum anomalous Hall effect in current material system is a combined result of weak ferromagnetism and trivial band involvement. Our findings may provide important insights into the search for high-temperature quantum anomalous Hall insulator and other topologically related phenomena.

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