Research ArticleChemistry

High-loading single Pt atom sites [Pt-O(OH)x] catalyze the CO PROX reaction with high activity and selectivity at mild conditions

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Science Advances  17 Jun 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 25, eaba3809
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba3809

Abstract

The preferential oxidation of CO (PROX) in hydrogen-rich fuel gas streams is an attractive option to remove CO while effectively conserving energy and H2. However, high CO conversion with concomitant high selectivity to CO2 but not H2O is challenging. Here, we report the synthesis of high-loading single Pt atom (2.0 weight %) catalysts with oxygen-bonded alkaline ions that stabilize the cationic Pt. The synthesis is performed in aqueous solution and achieves high Pt atom loadings in a single-step incipient wetness impregnation of alumina or silica. Promisingly, these catalysts have high CO PROX selectivity even at high CO conversion (~99.8% conversion, 70% selectivity at 110°C) and good stability under reaction conditions. These findings pave the way for the design of highly efficient single-atom catalysts, elucidate the role of ─OH species in CO oxidation, and confirm the absence of a support effect for our case.

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