Research ArticleAPPLIED SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING

Bioinspired oral delivery of gut microbiota by self-coating with biofilms

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Science Advances  24 Jun 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 26, eabb1952
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb1952

Abstract

Transplanting beneficial bacteria to the gut microbiome can positively modulate the bacterial composition and remains of great interest in prevention and treatment. However, environmental assaults and rapid transit times in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract result in low oral bioavailability and limited intestinal colonization. Here, we describe a bioinspired strategy of self-coating with biofilms that endows the transplanted gut microbiota with superior resistance and adhesion capacity. Using clinical Bacillus subtilis as a model probiotic bacterium, biofilm-coated probiotics demonstrate substantially improved GI tract tolerance and mucoadhesion in mice and swine. In particular, coated probiotics exhibit a 125-fold higher oral bioavailability and a 17 times greater intestinal colonization than uncoated bacteria in the porcine model. With notable ability to survive and reside in the GI tract, coated bacteria further show a significantly enhanced decolonization effect in mice colonized with Staphylococcus aureus. Self-coating with biofilms suggests a robust platform for oral doses of gut microbiota.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

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