Research ArticleBIOCHEMISTRY

Cryo-EM structures of calcium homeostasis modulator channels in diverse oligomeric assemblies

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Science Advances  17 Jul 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 29, eaba8105
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba8105

Abstract

Calcium homeostasis modulator (CALHM) family proteins are Ca2+-regulated adenosine triphosphate (ATP)–release channels involved in neural functions including neurotransmission in gustation. Here, we present the cryo–electron microscopy (EM) structures of killifish CALHM1, human CALHM2, and Caenorhabditis elegans CLHM-1 at resolutions of 2.66, 3.4, and 3.6 Å, respectively. The CALHM1 octamer structure reveals that the N-terminal helix forms the constriction site at the channel pore in the open state and modulates the ATP conductance. The CALHM2 undecamer and CLHM-1 nonamer structures show the different oligomeric stoichiometries among CALHM homologs. We further report the cryo-EM structures of the chimeric construct, revealing that the intersubunit interactions at the transmembrane domain (TMD) and the TMD–intracellular domain linker define the oligomeric stoichiometry. These findings advance our understanding of the ATP conduction and oligomerization mechanisms of CALHM channels.

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