Research ArticleHEALTH AND MEDICINE

Integrated cascade nanozyme catalyzes in vivo ROS scavenging for anti-inflammatory therapy

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Science Advances  17 Jul 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 29, eabb2695
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb2695

Abstract

Here, an integrated cascade nanozyme with a formulation of Pt@PCN222-Mn is developed to eliminate excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS). This nanozyme mimics superoxide dismutase by incorporation of a Mn–[5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrinato]–based metal-organic framework compound capable of transforming oxygen radicals to hydrogen peroxide. The second mimicked functionality is that of catalase by incorporation of Pt nanoparticles, which catalyze hydrogen peroxide disproportionation to water and oxygen. Both in vitro and in vivo experimental measurements reveal the synergistic ROS-scavenging capacity of such an integrated cascade nanozyme. Two forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; i.e., ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease) can be effectively relieved by treatment with the cascade nanozyme. This study not only provides a new method for constructing enzyme-like cascade systems but also illustrates their efficient therapeutic promise in the treatment of in vivo IBDs.

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