Research ArticleAPPLIED SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING

Geometrically reconfigurable 3D mesostructures and electromagnetic devices through a rational bottom-up design strategy

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Science Advances  22 Jul 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 30, eabb7417
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb7417

Abstract

Microelectronic devices with reconfigurable three-dimensional (3D) microarchitecture that can be repetitively switched among different geometrical and/or working states have promising applications in widespread areas. Traditional approaches usually rely on stimulated deformations of active materials under external electric/magnetic fields, which could potentially introduce parasitic side effects and lower device performances. Development of a rational strategy that allows access to high-performance 3D microdevices with multiple stable geometric configurations remains challenging. We introduce a mechanically guided scheme to build geometrically reconfigurable 3D mesostructures through a bottom-up design strategy based on a class of elementary reconfigurable structures with the simplest ribbon geometries. Quantitative mechanics modeling of the structural reconfigurability allows for the development of phase diagrams and design maps. Demonstrations of ~30 reconfigurable mesostructures with diverse geometric topologies and characteristic dimensions illustrate the versatile applicability. The multimode nature enables customized distinct beamforming and discrete beam scanning using a single antenna capable of on-demand reconfiguration.

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