Research ArticleBIOCHEMISTRY

DNB-based on-chip motif finding: A high-throughput method to profile different types of protein-DNA interactions

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Science Advances  31 Jul 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 31, eabb3350
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb3350

Abstract

Here, we report a sensitive DocMF system that uses next-generation sequencing chips to profile protein-DNA interactions. Using DocMF, we successfully identified a variety of endonuclease recognition sites and the protospacer adjacent motif (PAM) sequences of different CRISPR systems. DocMF can simultaneously screen both 5′ and 3′ PAMs with high coverage. For SpCas9, we found noncanonical 5′-NAG-3′ (~5%) and 5′-NGA-3′ (~1.6%), in addition to its common PAMs, 5′-NGG-3′ (~89.9%). More relaxed PAM sequences of two uncharacterized Cas endonucleases, VeCas9 and BvCas12a, were extensively characterized using DocMF. Moreover, we observed that dCas9, a DNA binding protein lacking endonuclease activity, preferably bound to the previously reported 5′-NGG-3′ sequence. In summary, our studies demonstrate that DocMF is the first tool with the capacity to exhaustively assay both the binding and the cutting properties of different DNA binding proteins.

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