Research ArticleGENETICS

A supramolecular platform for controlling and optimizing molecular architectures of siRNA targeted delivery vehicles

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Science Advances  29 Jul 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 31, eabc2148
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc2148

Abstract

It requires multistep synthesis and conjugation processes to incorporate multifunctionalities into a polyplex gene vehicle to overcome numerous hurdles during gene delivery. Here, we describe a supramolecular platform to precisely control, screen, and optimize molecular architectures of siRNA targeted delivery vehicles, which is based on rationally designed host-guest complexation between a β-cyclodextrin–based cationic host polymer and a library of guest polymers with various PEG shape and size, and various density of ligands. The host polymer is responsible to load/unload siRNA, while the guest polymer is responsible to shield the vehicles from nonspecific cellular uptake, to prolong their circulation time, and to target tumor cells. A series of precisely controlled molecular architectures through a simple assembly process allow for a rapid optimization of siRNA delivery vehicles in vitro and in vivo for therapeutic siRNA-Bcl2 delivery and tumor therapy, indicating the platform is a powerful screening tool for targeted gene delivery vehicles.

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