Research ArticleSOCIAL SCIENCES

In search of opportunity and community: Internal migration of refugees in the United States

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Science Advances  07 Aug 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 32, eabb0295
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb0295
  • Fig. 1 Secondary migration of refugees, 2000–2014.

    (A) Proportion of refugees who moved out of their arrival state by the time they had applied for LPR status. (B) Total number of refugees moving in/out of each arrival state by the time they had applied for LPR status. Points above (below) the diagonal represent states receiving a net increase (decrease) in refugees due to secondary migration. (C) Refugee secondary migration flows between states, using the intersection of the top 8 states based on either the numbers arrivals, number of refugees at time of adjustment, or number of net moves. Flows with less than 10 total movers are omitted. All panels focus on the refugees who arrived in those 39 states that received at least 1000 refugees over the study period. N = 443,546.

  • Fig. 2 Probability of out-migration from arrival state, by refugee characteristics.

    Coefficients from a linear probability model regressing whether a refugee moved out of her arrival state by the time she had applied for LPR status on refugee characteristics. Models include state, arrival year, and resettlement agency fixed effects and control for time to LPR application. Lines represent 95% robust confidence intervals. Unfilled circles represent reference categories for each attribute. N = 443,546 refugees from the 39 states that received at least 1000 refugees over the study period (2000–2014).

  • Fig. 3 Expected change in secondary migration, by state characteristics.

    Estimates from a gravity model regressing the log total secondary migration flows on sending and destination state characteristics (coarsened into five equally sized bins). Individual-level flows are aggregated to the state-year-origin level. Models control for the initial stock of refugees in each arrival state-year-origin and include state pair and arrival year fixed effects. Lines represent 95% robust confidence intervals, two-way clustered on arrival and destination state. N = 197,343 state-to-state-by-origin flows and includes states that received at least 1000 refugees over the study period (2000–2014).

Supplementary Materials

  • Supplementary Materials

    In search of opportunity and community: Internal migration of refugees in the United States

    Nadwa Mossaad, Jeremy Ferwerda, Duncan Lawrence, Jeremy Weinstein, Jens Hainmueller

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