Research ArticleEPIGENETICS

The Polycomb-associated factor PHF19 controls hematopoietic stem cell state and differentiation

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science Advances  05 Aug 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 32, eabb2745
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb2745

Abstract

Adult hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are rare multipotent cells in bone marrow that are responsible for generating all blood cell types. HSCs are a heterogeneous group of cells with high plasticity, in part, conferred by epigenetic mechanisms. PHF19, a subunit of the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), is preferentially expressed in mouse hematopoietic precursors. Here, we now show that, in stark contrast to results published for other PRC2 subunits, genetic depletion of Phf19 increases HSC identity and quiescence. While proliferation of HSCs is normally triggered by forced mobilization, defects in differentiation impede long-term correct blood production, eventually leading to aberrant hematopoiesis. At molecular level, PHF19 deletion triggers a redistribution of the histone repressive mark H3K27me3, which notably accumulates at blood lineage–specific genes. Our results provide novel insights into how epigenetic mechanisms determine HSC identity, control differentiation, and are key for proper hematopoiesis.

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

View Full Text

Stay Connected to Science Advances