Research ArticleNEUROSCIENCE

Macro- and microstructural changes in cosmonauts’ brains after long-duration spaceflight

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Science Advances  04 Sep 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 36, eaaz9488
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz9488

Article Information

vol. 6 no. 36

Online ISSN: 
  • Received for publication October 29, 2019
  • Accepted for publication July 15, 2020
  • .

Author Information

  1. Steven Jillings1,2,*,
  2. Angelique Van Ombergen1,3,
  3. Elena Tomilovskaya4,
  4. Alena Rumshiskaya5,
  5. Liudmila Litvinova5,
  6. Inna Nosikova4,
  7. Ekaterina Pechenkova6,
  8. Ilya Rukavishnikov4,
  9. Inessa B. Kozlovskaya4,,
  10. Olga Manko4,
  11. Sergey Danilichev7,
  12. Stefan Sunaert8,
  13. Paul M. Parizel9,
  14. Valentin Sinitsyn10,
  15. Victor Petrovichev5,
  16. Steven Laureys11,
  17. Peter zu Eulenburg12,
  18. Jan Sijbers13,
  19. Floris L. Wuyts1, and
  20. Ben Jeurissen13,
  1. 1Lab for Equilibrium Investigations and Aerospace, Department of Physics, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
  2. 2Physiology of Cognition Research Center, GIGA Consciousness, GIGA Institute, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.
  3. 3Department of Translational Neurosciences–ENT, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
  4. 4SSC RF – Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
  5. 5Radiology Department, National Medical Research Treatment and Rehabilitation Centre of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
  6. 6Laboratory for Cognitive Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
  7. 7Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Center, Star City, Moscow Region, Russia.
  8. 8KU Leuven – University of Leuven, Department of Imaging & Pathology, Translational MRI, Leuven, Belgium.
  9. 9Department of Radiology, Royal Perth Hospital and University of Western Australia Medical School, Perth, WA, Australia.
  10. 10Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.
  11. 11Coma Science Group, GIGA Consciousness, GIGA Institute, University and University Hospital of Liège, Liège, Belgium.
  12. 12Institute for Neuroradiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany.
  13. 13imec-Vision Lab, Department of Physics, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: steven.jillings{at}
  • Deceased.

  • These authors contributed equally to this work.


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