Research ArticleAPPLIED SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING

Self-luminescent photodynamic therapy using breast cancer targeted proteins

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Science Advances  11 Sep 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 37, eaba3009
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba3009

Abstract

Despite the potential of photodynamic therapy (PDT), its comprehensive use in cancer treatment has not been achieved because of the nondegradable risks of photosensitizing drugs and limits of light penetration and instrumentation. Here, we present bioluminescence (BL)–induced proteinaceous PDT (BLiP-PDT), through the combination of luciferase and a reactive oxygen species (ROS)–generating protein (Luc-RGP), which is self-luminescent and degradable. After exposure to coelenterazine-h as a substrate for luciferase without external light irradiation, Luc-RGP fused with a small lead peptide–induced breast cancer cell death through the generation of BL-sensitive ROS in the plasma membrane. Even with extremely low light energy, BLiP-PDT exhibited targeted effects in primary breast cancer cells from patients and in in vivo tumor xenograft mouse models. These findings suggest that BLiP-PDT is immediately useful as a promising theranostic approach against various cancers.

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