Research ArticleDISEASES AND DISORDERS

Gadofullerene inhibits the degradation of apolipoprotein B100 and boosts triglyceride transport for reversing hepatic steatosis

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Science Advances  11 Sep 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 37, eabc1586
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc1586

Abstract

Hepatic steatosis is a widespread metabolic disease characterized by excessive accumulation of triglyceride (TG) in liver. So far, effective approved drugs for hepatic steatosis are still in development, and removing the unnecessary TG from the hepatocytes is an enormous challenge. Here, we explore a promising anti-hepatic steatosis strategy by boosting hepatocellular TG transport using β-alanine–modified gadofullerene (GF-Ala) nanoparticles. We confirm that GF-Ala could reverse hepatic steatosis in oleic acid–induced hepatocytes, fructose-induced mice, and obesity-associated transgenic ob/ob mice. Observably, GF-Ala improves hepatomegaly and hepatic lipid accumulation, reduces lipid peroxidation, and repairs abnormal mitochondria. Of note, we demonstrate that GF-Ala markedly inhibits the posttranslational degradation of apolipoprotein B100 (ApoB100) and boosts hepatocellular TG transport based on their superior antioxidant property. Together, we conclude that GF-Ala could potently ameliorate hepatic TG transport and maintain hepatic metabolic homeostasis without apparent toxicity, being beneficial for treatments of hepatic steatosis and other fatty liver diseases.

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