Research ArticlePHYSICS

Chaos-assisted tunneling resonances in a synthetic Floquet superlattice

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Science Advances  18 Sep 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 38, eabc4886
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc4886

Abstract

The field of quantum simulation, which aims at using a tunable quantum system to simulate another, has been developing fast in the past years as an alternative to the all-purpose quantum computer. So far, most efforts in this domain have been directed to either fully regular or fully chaotic systems. Here, we focus on the intermediate regime, where regular orbits are surrounded by a large sea of chaotic trajectories. We observe a quantum chaos transport mechanism, called chaos-assisted tunneling, that translates in sharp resonances of the tunneling rate and provides previously unexplored possibilities for quantum simulation. More specifically, using Bose-Einstein condensates in a driven optical lattice, we experimentally demonstrate and characterize these resonances. Our work paves the way for quantum simulations with long-range transport and quantum control through complexity.

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