Research ArticleOCEANOGRAPHY

Arctic mid-winter phytoplankton growth revealed by autonomous profilers

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Science Advances  25 Sep 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 39, eabc2678
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc2678

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  • RE: Randelhoff's results explained by thermosynthesis

    Several theoretical studies by Anthonie W.J. Muller in refereed scientific papers have shown that the chemiosmotic machinery needs little modification to convert the free energy available in a thermal gradient into ATP. The machinery would function as a heat engine. The process was termed thermosynthesis. Heat engines are well known in physics and engineering, but have not yet been recognized in biology. The described organisms are prime candidates for thermosynthesis.

    Competing Interests: None declared.

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