Research ArticleCONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

Voltage controlled on-demand magnonic nanochannels

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Science Advances  02 Oct 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 40, eaba5457
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba5457

Abstract

Development of energy-efficient on-demand magnonic nanochannels (MNCs) can revolutionize on-chip data communication and processing. We have developed a dynamic MNC array by periodically tailoring perpendicular magnetic anisotropy using the electric field. Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy is used to probe the spin wave (SW) dispersion of MNCs formed by applying a static electric field at the CoFeB/MgO interface through the one-dimensional stripe-like array of indium tin oxide electrodes placed on top of Ta/CoFeB/MgO/Al2O3 heterostructures. Magnonic bands, consisting of two SW frequency modes, appear with a bandgap under the application of moderate gate voltage, which can be switched off by withdrawing the voltage. The experimental results are reproduced by plane wave method–based numerical calculations, and simulated SW mode profiles show propagating SWs through nanochannels with different magnetic properties. The anticrossing between these two modes gives rise to the observed magnonic bandgap.

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