Research ArticleSOCIAL SCIENCES

Victimization rates and traits of sexual and gender minorities in the United States: Results from the National Crime Victimization Survey, 2017

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Science Advances  02 Oct 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 40, eaba6910
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba6910
  • Fig. 1 Rates of victimization by sexual orientation and gender identity.

    Note: Rates per 1000 persons for violent crimes and rates per 1000 households for property crimes are plotted with 90% CIs and 95% CIs represented by the thick and thin line range about the estimate, respectively. (A) Violent crime rates, (B) differences in violent crime rates between SGM and non-SGM persons, (C) violent crime rates by victim-offender relationship, (D) differences in violent crime rates between SGM and non-SGM persons, (E) property crime rates, and (F) difference in property crime rates between SGM and non-SGM persons. Violent crime is based on individual characteristics (n = 218,439), and property crimes are estimated by SGM household (n = 145,508).

  • Fig. 2 Adjusted rates of victimization by sexual orientation and gender identity.

    Note: Rates per 1000 persons for violent crimes and rates per 1000 households for property crimes are plotted with 90% CIs and 95% CIs represented by the thick and thin line range about the estimate, respectively. (A) Adjusted violent crime rates, (B) differences in adjusted violent crime rates between SGM and non-SGM persons, (C) adjusted violent crime rates by victim-offender relationship, (D) differences in adjusted violent crime rates between SGM and non-SGM persons, (E) adjusted property crime rates, and (F) difference in adjusted property crime rates between SGM and non-SGM persons. Violent crime is based on individual characteristics (n = 215,768), and property crimes are estimated by SGM household (n = 145,508).

  • Table 1 Demographics of the sample.

    Note: Weighted percentages are reported with SEs estimated via direct variance estimation. An F test of independence examines whether there is a relationship between a demographic category and SGM status. T tests and P values are reported to evaluate differences between percentages of non-SGM and SGM. Unweighted sample sizes (N) are also reported.

    Non-SGMSGMStatistics
    %SE%SE|t|P
    Sex
      Male48.20.1546.01.261.670.098
      Female52.00.1554.01.261.670.098
      N207,7974047
      F(1.85,314.92)2.87P = 0.062
    Race/Hispanic origin
      White63.70.4869.291.14.88<0.001
      Black11.90.3310.360.72.270.025
      Hispanic16.30.3314.30.92.250.026
      Other6.80.173.590.56.47<0.001
      Multiracial1.30.052.460.52.340.021
      N207,7974047
      F(6.42,1091.79)8.13P < 0.001
    Age
      16 to 173.10.074.00.521.770.079
      18 to 2411.20.1820.51.118.4<0.001
      25 to 3417.20.1826.21.038.68<0.001
      35 to 4924.20.1621.80.862.780.006
      50 to 6424.90.1920.40.964.66<0.001
      65 or older19.40.187.00.5620.69<0.001
      N207,7974047
      F(8.65,1471.27)38.23P < 0.001
    Education
      Less than high school15.30.2311.80.84.38<0.001
      High school graduate25.40.2618.41.126.15<0.001
      Some college27.90.231.60.943.78<0.001
      Bachelor’s degree20.30.224.11.073.510.001
      Postgraduate11.10.1414.10.853.530.001
      N205,8654028
      F(7.06,1200.75)11.17P < 0.001
    Marital status
      Never married29.80.2664.81.2827.19<0.001
      Married51.40.2423.31.222.87<0.001
      Widowed5.90.091.30.2120.4<0.001
      Divorced10.90.129.00.692.630.009
      Separated2.00.041.60.251.790.076
      N206,9404041
      F(6.56,1115.48)146.04P < 0.001
    Household income
      Less than $10,0005.60.188.40.744.07<0.001
      $10,000–$14,9994.60.125.20.51.20.233
      $15,000–$24,9999.30.169.60.70.430.664
      $25,000–$34,99910.80.169.50.711.780.078
      $35,000–$49,99915.70.2313.70.872.180.031
      $50,000–$74,99918.40.2217.20.881.360.175
      $75,000–$99,99915.40.2113.80.841.930.056
      $100,000 or more20.30.2522.60.992.340.02
      N207,7974047
      F(10.98,1865.94)7.45P < 0.001
    Urbanicity of residence
      Urban33.40.7346.91.619.29<0.001
      Suburban52.00.8543.51.525.93<0.001
      Rural14.71.279.71.484.73<0.001
      N207,7974047
      F(2.08,354.01)12.84P < 0.001

Supplementary Materials

  • Supplementary Materials

    Victimization rates and traits of sexual and gender minorities in the United States: Results from the National Crime Victimization Survey, 2017

    Andrew R. Flores, Lynn Langton, Ilan H. Meyer, Adam P. Romero

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    • Tables S1 to S10
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