Research ArticlePHYSICS

Energy redistribution and spatiotemporal evolution of correlations after a sudden quench of the Bose-Hubbard model

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Science Advances  30 Sep 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 40, eaba9255
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aba9255

Abstract

An optical lattice quantum simulator is an ideal experimental platform to investigate nonequilibrium dynamics of a quantum many-body system, which is, in general, hard to simulate with classical computers. Here, we use our quantum simulator of the Bose-Hubbard model to study dynamics far from equilibrium after a quantum quench. We successfully confirm the energy conservation law in the one- and three-dimensional systems and extract the propagation velocity of the single-particle correlation in the one- and two-dimensional systems. We corroborate the validity of our quantum simulator through quantitative comparisons between the experiments and the exact numerical calculations in one dimension. In the computationally hard cases of two or three dimensions, by using the quantum-simulation results as references, we examine the performance of a numerical method, namely, the truncated Wigner approximation, revealing its usefulness and limitation. This work constitutes an exemplary case for the usage of analog quantum simulators.

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