Research ArticleAPPLIED PHYSICS

Harnessing the topotactic transition in oxide heterostructures for fast and high-efficiency electrochromic applications

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Science Advances  09 Oct 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 41, eabb8553
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb8553

Abstract

Mobile oxygen vacancies offer a substantial potential to broaden the range of optical functionalities of complex transition metal oxides due to their high mobility and the interplay with correlated electrons. Here, we report a large electro-absorptive optical variation induced by a topotactic transition via oxygen vacancy fluidic motion in calcium ferrite with large-scale uniformity. The coloration efficiency reaches ~80 cm2 C−1, which means that a 300-nm-thick layer blocks 99% of transmitted visible light by the electrical switching. By tracking the color propagation, oxygen vacancy mobility can be estimated to be 10−8 cm2 s−1 V−1 near 300°C, which is a giant value attained due to the mosaic pseudomonoclinic film stabilized on LaAlO3 substrate. First-principles calculations reveal that the defect density modulation associated with hole charge injection causes a prominent change in electron correlation, resulting in the light absorption modulation. Our findings will pave the pathway for practical topotactic electrochromic applications.

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