Self-regulated hirudin delivery for anticoagulant therapy

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science Advances  09 Oct 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 41, eabc0382
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc0382


Pathological coagulation, a disorder of blood clotting regulation, induces a number of cardiovascular diseases. A safe and efficient system for the delivery of anticoagulants to mimic the physiological negative feedback mechanism by responding to the coagulation signal changes holds the promise and potential for anticoagulant therapy. Here, we exploit a “closed-loop” controlled release strategy for the delivery of recombinant hirudin, an anticoagulant agent that uses a self-regulated nanoscale polymeric gel. The cross-linked nanogel network increases the stability and bioavailability of hirudin and reduces its clearance in vivo. Equipped with the clot-targeted ligand, the engineered nanogels promote the accumulation of hirudin in the fibrous clots and adaptively release the encapsulated hirudin upon the thrombin variation during the pathological proceeding of thrombus for potentiating anticoagulant activity and alleviating adverse effects. We show that this formulation efficiently prevents and inhibits the clot formation on the mouse models of pulmonary embolism and thrombosis.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

View Full Text

Stay Connected to Science Advances