Research ArticleAPPLIED SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING

Fine structural tuning of the assembly of ECM peptide conjugates via slight sequence modifications

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Science Advances  07 Oct 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 41, eabd3033
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abd3033

Abstract

The self-assembly of nanostructures from conjugates of elastin-like peptides and collagen-like peptides (ELP-CLP) has been studied as means to produce thermoresponsive, collagen-binding drug delivery vehicles. Motivated by our previous work in which ELP-CLP conjugates successfully self-assembled into vesicles and platelet-like nanostructures, here, we extend our library of ELP-CLP bioconjugates to a series of tryptophan/phenylalanine-containing ELPs and GPO-based CLPs [W2Fx-b-(GPO)y] with various domain lengths to determine the impact of these modifications on the thermoresponsiveness and morphology. The lower transition temperature of the conjugates with longer ELP or CLP domains enables the formation of well-defined nanoparticles near physiological temperature. Moreover, the morphological transition from vesicles to platelet-like nanostructures occurred when the ratio of the lengths of ELP/CLP decreased. Given the previously demonstrated ability of many ELP-CLP bioconjugates to bind to both hydrophobic drugs and collagen-containing materials, our results suggest new opportunities for designing specific thermoresponsive nanostructures for targeted biological applications.

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