Research ArticleMATERIALS SCIENCE

Molecular defect-containing bilayer graphene exhibiting brightened luminescence

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Science Advances  28 Feb 2020:
Vol. 6, no. 9, eaay8541
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aay8541

Abstract

The electronic structure of bilayer graphene can be altered by creating defects in its carbon skeleton. However, the natural defects are generally heterogeneous. On the other hand, rational bottom-up synthesis offers the possibility of building well-defined molecular cutout of defect-containing bilayer graphene, which allows defect-induced modulation with atomic precision. Here, we report the construction of a molecular defect-containing bilayer graphene (MDBG) with an inner cavity by organic synthesis. Single-crystal x-ray diffraction, mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy unambiguously characterize the structure of MDBG. Compared with its same-sized, defect-free counterpart, the MDBG exhibits a notable blue shift of optical absorption and emission, as well as a 9.6-fold brightening of its photoluminescence, which demonstrates that a single defect can markedly alter the optical properties of bilayer graphene.

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