Research ArticleNEUROSCIENCE

Robust information routing by dorsal subiculum neurons

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Science Advances  10 Mar 2021:
Vol. 7, no. 11, eabf1913
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abf1913

Abstract

The dorsal hippocampus conveys various information associated with spatial navigation; however, how the information is distributed to multiple downstream areas remains unknown. We investigated this by identifying axonal projections using optogenetics during large-scale recordings from the rat subiculum, the major hippocampal output structure. Subicular neurons demonstrated a noise-resistant representation of place, speed, and trajectory, which was as accurate as or even more accurate than that of hippocampal CA1 neurons. Speed- and trajectory-dependent firings were most prominent in neurons projecting to the retrosplenial cortex and nucleus accumbens, respectively. Place-related firing was uniformly observed in neurons targeting the retrosplenial cortex, nucleus accumbens, anteroventral thalamus, and medial mammillary body. Theta oscillations and sharp-wave/ripples tightly controlled the firing of projection neurons in a target region–specific manner. In conclusion, the dorsal subiculum robustly routes diverse navigation-associated information to downstream areas.

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