The mid-Miocene Zhangpu biota reveals an outstandingly rich rainforest biome in East Asia

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Science Advances  30 Apr 2021:
Vol. 7, no. 18, eabg0625
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abg0625

Article Information

vol. 7 no. 18

Online ISSN: 
  • Received for publication December 8, 2020
  • Accepted for publication March 11, 2021
  • .

Author Information

  1. Bo Wang1,*,
  2. Gongle Shi1,*,
  3. Chunpeng Xu1,2,
  4. Robert A. Spicer3,4,
  5. Vincent Perrichot5,
  6. Alexander R. Schmidt6,
  7. Kathrin Feldberg6,
  8. Jochen Heinrichs7,,
  9. Cédric Chény1,5,
  10. Hong Pang8,
  11. Xingyue Liu9,
  12. Taiping Gao10,
  13. Zixi Wang1,
  14. Adam Ślipiński11,
  15. Mónica M. Solórzano-Kraemer12,
  16. Sam W. Heads13,
  17. M. Jared Thomas13,
  18. Eva-Maria Sadowski14,
  19. Jacek Szwedo1,15,
  20. Dany Azar1,16,
  21. André Nel17,
  22. Ye Liu18,
  23. Jun Chen19,
  24. Qi Zhang20,
  25. Qingqing Zhang1,
  26. Cihang Luo1,2,
  27. Tingting Yu1,2,
  28. Daran Zheng1,21,
  29. Haichun Zhang1 and
  30. Michael S. Engel22,23,24
  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology and Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China.
  2. 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.
  3. 3CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China.
  4. 4School of Environment, Earth, and Ecosystem Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK.
  5. 5Géosciences Rennes, Université de Rennes, CNRS, UMR 6118, 35000 Rennes, France.
  6. 6Department of Geobiology, University of Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.
  7. 7Systematic Botany and Mycology, Department of Biology I and Geobio-Center, Ludwig Maximilian University, 80638 Munich, Germany.
  8. 8School of Ecology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510006, China.
  9. 9Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.
  10. 10College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China.
  11. 11Australian National Insect Collection, CSIRO, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia.
  12. 12Department of Palaeontology and Historical Geology, Senckenberg Research Institute, 60325 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
  13. 13Center for Paleontology, Illinois Natural History Survey, Prairie Research Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA.
  14. 14Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Science, 10115 Berlin, Germany.
  15. 15Laboratory of Evolutionary Entomology and Museum of Amber Inclusions, Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, University of Gdańsk, 80308 Gdańsk, Poland.
  16. 16Department of Natural Sciences, Faculty of Sciences II, Lebanese University, P.O. Box 26110217, Fanar-Matn, Lebanon.
  17. 17Institut Systématique Evolution Biodiversité (ISYEB), Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université des Antilles, 75005 Paris, France.
  18. 18Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.
  19. 19Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Linyi University, Linyi 276000, China.
  20. 20School of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276826, China.
  21. 21Department of Earth Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 999077, China.
  22. 22Division of Entomology, Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, 1501 Crestline Drive, Suite 140, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.
  23. 23Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.
  24. 24Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024-5192, USA.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: bowang{at} (B.W.); glshi{at} (G.S.)
  • Deceased.


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