Research ArticleChemistry

Nonlinear infrared polaritonic interaction between cavities mediated by molecular vibrations at ultrafast time scale

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Science Advances  07 May 2021:
Vol. 7, no. 19, eabf6397
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abf6397


Realizing nonlinear interactions between spatially separated particles can advance molecular science and technology, including remote catalysis of chemical reactions, ultrafast processing of information in infrared (IR) photonic circuitry, and advanced platforms for quantum simulations with increased complexity. Here, we achieved nonlinear interactions at ultrafast time scale between polaritons contained in spatially adjacent cavities in the mid-IR regime, altering polaritons in one cavity by pumping polaritons in an adjacent one. This was done by strong coupling molecular vibrational modes with photon modes, a process that combines characteristics of both photon delocalization and molecular nonlinearity. The dual photon/molecule character of polaritons enables delocalized nonlinearity—a property that neither molecular nor cavity mode would have alone.

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