Research ArticleHEALTH AND MEDICINE

Perfusion, cryopreservation, and nanowarming of whole hearts using colloidally stable magnetic cryopreservation agent solutions

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Science Advances  08 Jan 2021:
Vol. 7, no. 2, eabe3005
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abe3005

Abstract

Nanowarming of cryopreserved organs perfused with magnetic cryopreservation agents (mCPAs) could increase donor organ utilization by extending preservation time and avoiding damage caused by slow and nonuniform rewarming. Here, we report formulation of an mCPA containing superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) that are stable against aggregation in the cryopreservation agent VS55 before and after vitrification and nanowarming and that achieve high-temperature rise rates of up to 321°C/min under an alternating magnetic field. These SPIONs and mCPAs have low cytotoxicity against primary cardiomyocytes. We demonstrate successful perfusion of whole rat hearts with the mCPA and removal using Custodiol HTK solution, even after vitrification, cryostorage in liquid nitrogen for 1 week, and nanowarming under an alternating magnetic field. Quantification of SPIONs in the hearts using magnetic particle imaging demonstrates that the formulated mCPAs are suitable for perfusion, vitrification, and nanowarming of whole organs with minimal residual iron in tissues.

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