Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Landrace accessions included in the study classified into botanical races based on morphological classification (five new world accessions not shown).
  • Fig. S2. Rainout shelter where plants were grown in Austin.
  • Fig. S3. Seedlings planted in the Austin experiment.
  • Fig. S4. Plants growing in Austin.
  • Fig. S5. A representative accession (IS 25836) under irrigated (left) and imposed terminal drought (right) conditions at experimental plot in India.
  • Fig. S6. Proportion of total SNP variation among accessions with known collection locations (excluding spatial outlier landraces from the Americas, China, and Southeast Asia/Oceania) explained by spatial structure or environmental variables.
  • Fig. S7. Predictions of phenotypes averaged across well-watered and drought conditions from drought treatment across growing season in Austin, United States.
  • Fig. S8. Predictions of phenotype change between well-watered and drought conditions from drought treatment across growing season in Austin, United States.
  • Fig. S9. Predictions of phenotypes averaged across well-watered and drought conditions from drought treatment late in growing season in Hyderabad, India.
  • Fig. S10. Predictions of phenotype change between well-watered and drought conditions from drought treatment late in growing season in Hyderabad, India.
  • Fig. S11. GWAS for harvest index plasticity (harvest index in wet/dry) in U.S. experiment, using SNP associations with precipitation in the warmest quarter as a prior.
  • Fig. S12. GWAS for panicle weight plasticity (panicle weight in wet − dry) in India experiment, using SNP associations with growing season length as a prior.
  • Fig. S13. GWAS for root growth plasticity (growth in control/Al toxic) in published aluminum toxicity experiment (44), using SNP associations with topsoil pH as a prior.
  • References (78–81)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Table S1 (Microsoft Excel format). Landraces studied and environment of origin data.
  • Table S2 (Microsoft Excel format). Accession phenotypes from experiment in Austin, United States.
  • Table S3 (Microsoft Excel format). Mean phenotypes across the 2 years of the experiment in Hyderabad, India.
  • Table S4 (Microsoft Excel format). Spearman’s rank correlation test results for two SNPs that tag known candidate genes potentially involved in local adaptation.
  • Table S5 (Microsoft Excel format). EMMA t test results for two SNPs that tag known candidate genes potentially involved in local adaptation.
  • Table S6 (Microsoft Excel format). Predictions for each accession in the Austin experiment based on SNP-environment associations in the landrace panel.
  • Table S7 (Microsoft Excel format). Predictions for each accession in the Hyderabad experiment based on SNP-environment associations in the landrace panel.
  • Table S8 (Microsoft Excel format). Predictions for each accession in the Caniato et al. (44) experiment based on SNP-environment associations in the landrace panel.
  • Table S9 (Microsoft Excel format). Predicted environments for accession in the three experiments based on kinship associations with environment of landraces (gBLUP).
  • Table S10 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlations between predictions based on environment-genome associations and phenotypes in Austin.
  • Table S11 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlations between predictions based on environment-genome associations and phenotypes in Hyderabad.
  • Table S12 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlations between predictions based on environment-genome associations and phenotypes in the Caniato et al. (44) Al toxicity experiment.
  • Table S13 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlations between phenotypes and environment of origin (where known) for landraces in the Austin experiment.
  • Table S14 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlations between phenotypes and environment of origin (where known) for landraces in the Hyderabad experiment.
  • Table S15 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlations between relative net root growth and environment of origin (where known) for landraces in the Caniato et al. (44) experiment.
  • Table S16 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlation coefficients between predicted phenotypes in the Austin experiment and observed, where predictions based on genome associations with phenotypes in fivefold cross-validation.
  • Table S17 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlation coefficients between predicted phenotypes in the Hyderabad experiment and observed, where predictions based on genome associations with phenotypes in fivefold crossvalidation.
  • Table S18 (Microsoft Excel format). Pearson’s correlation coefficients between predicted phenotypes in the Caniato et al. (44) experiment and observed, where predictions based on genome associations with phenotypes in fivefold crossvalidation.
  • Table S19 (Microsoft Excel format). Top 1000 SNPs associated with harvest index plasticity in Austin using SNP associations with precipitation of the warmest quarter as priors.
  • Table S20 (Microsoft Excel format). Top 1000 SNPs associated with relative net root growth (comparing control treatment with Al toxic treatment) in Caniato et al. (44) experiment, using SNP associations with topsoil pH as priors.
  • Table S21 (Microsoft Excel format). Top 1000 SNPs associated with panicle weight plasticity in Hyderabad, using SNP associations with growing season length as priors.

Download Tables S1 to S21

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