Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Materials and Methods
  • fig. S1. The anterior cranial portion of Qingmenodus (IVPP V16003.5).
  • fig. S2. Rendered anterior cranial portion of Qingmenodus (IVPP V16003.5).
  • fig. S3. The posterior cranial portions of Qingmenodus.
  • fig. S4. Rendered posterior cranial portion of Qingmenodus (holotype, IVPP V16003.1) showing the position of the hyomandibula.
  • fig. S5. Tentative restoration of the cranium of Qingmenodus in right lateral view.
  • fig. S6. Rendered brain cavity with the transparent braincase of Qingmenodus in left lateral view.
  • fig. S7. Comparative brain cavity morphology of selected Palaeozoic osteichthyans.
  • fig. S8. Digital restorations of the anterior cranial portion of Qingmenodus.
  • fig. S9. Comparison of the tubule system in selected sarcopterygians.
  • fig. S10. Previously sarcopterygian phylogenic hypotheses showing the different positions of onychodonts.
  • fig. S11. Strict consensus of 845 most parsimonious trees resulting from a modified data set.
  • fig. S12. Phylogenetic placement of Qingmenodus shown in a 50% majority consensus tree of the 845 most parsimonious trees.
  • fig. S13. One selected most parsimonious tree.

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