Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • fig. S1. Seasonal variation in NDVI across Africa and Europe.
  • fig. S2. Patterns of greenness and surplus greenness for each month.
  • fig. S3. Illustration of the random migratory track simulation procedure.
  • fig. S4. Individual variation in experienced and expected greenness and surplus greenness along migratory tracks.
  • fig. S5. Testing NDVI models.
  • fig. S6. Sequence of monthly differences between 2011 and 2080 of ΔNDVI and Δsurplus NDVI based on the (a) 26 ppb, (b) 45 ppb, and (c) 85 ppb projected climate change scenarios and stopover positions of common cuckoos, red-backed shrikes, and thrush nightingales.
  • fig. S7. Comparisons of current and modeled future NDVI and surplus NDVI for simulated tracks.
  • Legend for data file S1

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • data file S1 (Microsoft Excel format). Spatiotemporal positions of common cuckoos, red-backed shrikes, and thrush nightingales included in the study.

Files in this Data Supplement: