Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • fig. S1. Carpet-mode growth of homogeneous-phase borophene.
  • fig. S2. XPS spectra of Ag 3d and O 1s core levels.
  • fig. S3. Bias-dependent atomic-resolution images of homogeneous-phase borophene.
  • fig. S4. Additional atomic-resolution image of borophene.
  • fig. S5. Growth of PTCDA across various interfaces.
  • fig. S6. Additional images of PTCDA/borophene lateral heterostructures.
  • fig. S7. Design of a coarse-grained model for PTCDA.
  • fig. S8. Entropy variation ΔS(z) of a single PTCDA molecule as a function of logarithmic distance ln(z − zmin) to a homogeneous substrate.
  • fig. S9. Probability ratio from thermodynamic integration and single-molecule simulation as a function of threshold z0 at ΔHads = 10kBT.
  • fig. S10. Additional simulated adsorption of PTCDA on borophene/Ag(111).
  • fig. S11. C 1s core-level XPS spectrum of a clean Ag(111) surface.
  • fig. S12. Self-assembled PTCDA on Ag(111).
  • Legend for movies S1 to S3
  • References (49–51)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • movie S1 (.avi format). STS maps of homogeneous-phase borophene on Ag(111).
  • movie S2 (.avi format). Self-assembly process of PTCDA on heterogeneous borophene/Ag(111) with ΔHads,Ag = 38kBT and ΔHads,B = 10kBT.
  • movie S3 (.avi format). Self-assembly process of PTCDA on heterogeneous borophene/Ag(111) with ΔHads,Ag = 38kBT and ΔHads,B = 22kBT.

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