Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • text S1. Sensitivity to extinction coefficient in ice.
  • text S2. Evolution of fields over time.
  • text S3. Sensitivity analysis: Bounds on the area that permits sub-ice blooms.
  • fig. S1. Sensitivity of bloom-permitting area to ice extinction coefficient.
  • fig. S2. Evolution of ice concentration, melt pond fraction, and ice thickness over time.
  • table S1. Ranges of the percentage of the Arctic Ocean (>70°N, excluding Baffin Bay) in which sub-ice blooms can occur, when sea ice thickness data are increased or decreased by 1 SD (for details on how this is computed, see text S2).
  • table S2. Ranges of the percentage of the Arctic Ocean (>70°N, excluding Baffin Bay) in which sub-ice blooms can occur, when the melt pond coverage data are increased or decreased by 1 SD (for details on how this is computed, see text S2).

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