Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • fig. S1. Single-shot x-ray spectra of Ta plasma irradiated by the high-power optical laser.
  • fig. S2. Pulse shape of the optical beam at target center chamber.
  • fig. S3. Velocity of the Lagrangian particle provided by hydrodynamic (MULTI) modeling.
  • fig. S4. Comparison between the new EAM Ta potential and experimental shock Hugoniot curve.
  • fig. S5. Shadowgraph of mass distribution after nucleation of first voids in the MD-simulated Ta sample.
  • fig. S6. MD simulation of the experiment.
  • fig. S7. Determination of the strain rate from the flow velocity profile just before nucleation of the first voids in the MD simulation.
  • fig. S8. Determination of the strain rate from the flow velocity profile just before nucleation of the first voids in the MD simulation.
  • fig. S9. Direct comparison between experimental profiles and x-ray profiles derived from the MD simulation.
  • fig. S10. Experimental determination of the position of the different peaks at t = 1725 ps using the Gaussian method.
  • fig. S11. Experimental determination of the position of the different peaks at t = 2125 ps using the Gaussian method.
  • fig. S12. Experimental determination of the position of the different peaks at t = 2125 ps using the Lorentzian method.
  • fig. S13. Spall strength versus strain rate for tantalum.
  • table S1. Pressure and density retrieved from the experimental results at t = 1725 ps displayed in fig. S10.
  • table S2. Pressure and density retrieved from the experimental results at t = 2125 ps displayed in fig. S11.
  • References (34–51)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • movie S1 (.avi format). Evolution of density and pressure in the sample given by MD simulation.
  • movie S2 (.avi format). Experimental data obtained at SACLA.

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