Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • fig. S1. Schematic of the cooperative deformation of composite gels.
  • fig. S2. Process of cooperative deformations.
  • fig. S3. Schematic of the configuration via rhombic-mode cooperative deformation.
  • fig. S4. Representative configurations of the patterned gels after cooperative deformations.
  • fig. S5. Energy difference between the buckled states of rhombic and triangular patterns.
  • fig. S6. Schematic of the deformation states of a gel.
  • fig. S7. The computational unit cell of a composite gel with PAAm gels in a hexagonal lattice.
  • fig. S8. Elastic energy profile of concentric composite gel as functions of the mismatch strain.
  • fig. S9. Deformation of concentric composite gels.
  • table S1. Recipes of precursor solutions for the synthesis of gels.
  • table S2. Modeled wrinkle numbers of the concentric composite gels with different inner and outer diameters.
  • table S3. Experimental wrinkle numbers of the concentric composite gels with different inner and outer diameters.
  • note S1. Detailed theoretical modeling.
  • Reference (40)

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