Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • text S1. Levantine EUP
  • text S2. Site description and archeological sequence
  • text S3. Geoarcheological results
  • text S4. Charcoal pretreatment: ABA, ABOx, and stepped combustion comparisons
  • text S5. Charcoal preservation and radiocarbon results
  • text S6. Bayesian modeling
  • text S7. Regional chronology
  • fig. S1. Top view and profile view of Manot Cave.
  • fig. S2. Excavation area E with combustion features.
  • fig. S3. Area C showing locations of radiocarbon samples and micromorphology blocks.
  • fig. S4. Artifacts from Manot Cave.
  • fig. S5. FTIR spectra of sediment exposed to different temperatures in experimental heating study.
  • fig. S6. Radiocarbon measurements of Manot charcoal samples prepared by different pretreatments.
  • fig. S7. FTIR spectra of charcoal sample before pretreatment, after ABA, and after ABOx.
  • fig. S8. Comparison of ABA and ABOx charcoal dates from Levantine EUP sites.
  • fig. S9. Characterization of Amygdalus sp. charcoal by scanning electron microscope and FTIR.
  • fig. S10. Calibrated radiocarbon dates from area E plotted by absolute elevation.
  • fig. S11. Calibrated radiocarbon dates from area C plotted by absolute elevation.
  • fig. S12. Bayesian models and outlier analysis.
  • table S1. Lithic assemblage in area E.
  • table S2. Lithic assemblage in area C.
  • table S3. Radiocarbon measurements of Manot charcoal samples prepared by different pretreatments.
  • table S4. Comparison of ABA and ABOx charcoal dates from Levantine EUP sites.
  • table S5. Radiocarbon samples and dates for Manot Cave.
  • table S6. Excavation contexts with archeological classifications and date ranges.
  • table S7. Outputs of Bayesian model 1 based on cultural phases.
  • table S8. Cultural phase estimates for eight runs of model 1.
  • table S9. Outputs of Bayesian model 2 based on lithostratigraphic units.
  • data set S1. Published dates used to construct regional chronology.
  • References (62–116)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • data set S1 (Microsoft Excel format). Published dates used to construct regional chronology.

Files in this Data Supplement: